The rise of the estancias has changed the empty limitless space into a rural production environment that enabled the country to be positioned among the first suppliers of raw material in the world.
Towards the south, the estancias have given the scenery a new shape. Getting through the harsh winter, the intense snowfalls and the incessant wind, they have become real settlements scattered in the vastness of the fields.
Patagonia has a great deal of geographical faults with remarkable geothermal and volcanic activity. These features explain the existence of various sources with hot spring waters. The diversity existing in this area of South America ranges from warm water issuing from the ground, rich in minerals, to geysers with boiling water.